Flesh for Sale. When Stretch enters the house, she disrupts the aesthetics because the Sawyers consider her femininity a threat to their business. Sawyer expresses the family's standards of taste when he says, "dirty meat don't cut it. Family standards only require the best meat in town. I never, never get a break.
Work, work night and day presenting myself to the people, selling, selling. You [Leatherface and Chop-Top] doodle around here listening to the radio all day. He also disparages Chop-Top and Leatherface in much the same way that [End page 70] working husbands talk down to housewives who work at home all day. For Sawyer, the ideal product doesn't reveal the exploitation and bloodshed of its production.
The Sawyers' chili is a perfect example of the way consumer culture covers the violence of commodity production. The chili is made from human flesh, yet it wins awards because of its aesthetic appeal. Sexual desire, which is coded as feminine, presents a threat here in the form of distraction, as Leatherface falls in love to the supposed sterility of the product and becomes an impediment to the Sawyers' work ethic.
When Sawyer sees Stretch, he calls her "that dirty thing," in terms similar to those he uses to describe the rejected meat. He applies a standard of taste that exists in Psycho and Silence as well. He tells Leatherface, "Sex - you had to find out about it.
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You wanna know about it. It's a swindle. Don't get mixed up in it. You got one choice - sex or the saw. Sex is nobody knows, but the saw is family. Sex is also not rational - it is what "nobody knows," and this uncertainty makes it threatening. The solution for the Sawyers is to either preserve their women like they have done with their grandmother or to destroy them.
As Chop-Top says "she's in the garbage now. When a woman doesn't acknowledge patriarchal power, this disrupts the whole system which exists only when women passively acquiesce. Stretch rejects her role in patriarchy as a passive supporter of masculine ventures when she faces Leatherface at the radio station. When Leatherface attacks her, he does so with all the spectacle of a male in heat. He revs his chainsaw, waves his arms, and grunts.
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At first, Stretch acknowledges his power by screaming. Lefty tells Stretch, "they live on fear," and once Stretch realizes this, she undoes the potency of Leatherface's ability to make his victims frightened. The question of how well one can perform is a constant concern in consumer society which thrives on competition and in a patriarchal society in which men are constantly proving their masculinity. In Chainsaw, the quality of the chili, the athletic ability of the football players, and Lefty's ability to wield a chainsaw are all actions which ask to be analyzed in terms of the quality of the performance.
Feminine subjects are often asked to attest to the quality of male performance. Stretch realizes this is the game she is asked to play, and at first she responds sarcastically, saying "Are you really, really good? You're really good. You're the [End page 71] best. She responds "no good. By saying he is "no good," Stretch refuses to comply with the patriarchal system which relies on women for validation. After being told he is "no good," Leatherface destroys the office and slaps five with Chop-Top another sports reference , but the celebration has no basis.
Leatherface merely creates the spectacle of power because the dynamics have actually shifted so that Stretch is in control. This is not to say that men can no longer hurt Stretch. In the final scene, her back is sliced by Chop-Top,  but the mere threat of violence no longer phases Stretch.
When Chop-Top cuts his throat in the final scene, he expects her to shrink back in terror. In the original Chainsaw , the Hitchhiker slits his arm to the shrieks of the kids in the van who turn away. To turn away is to recognize the power of horror. In this scene, Stretch is unfazed by Chop-Top's actions. She looks directly at him. In Williams' terms, she is the woman who looks,  and her final triumph, which takes place in the vicinity of the stuffed grandmother, is a refusal of the taxidermic logic and aesthetics of consumer culture. She doesn't engage in the same random violence that Lefty does.
While Lefty randomly chops down beams of the house and makes a moralistic, religious condemnation of the house, Stretch sinks her chainsaw into Chop-Top's stomach without the same spectacle or rhetoric that accompanies male violence. Her confrontation of the terror that women face in patriarchy is not unlike what Clarice experiences in Silence , a film which presents a similar logic of human consumption and aesthetics.
The Aesthetics of Violence in Silence. Silence is a critique of using sight to establish systems of meaning.
Relying on vision does not solve crimes except on a superficial level or present an alternative to the violence done to the human body. The apparatus of law enforcement also fetishizes the body in its attempt to solve crimes.
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The FBI assembles all the images of Buffalo Bill's killings, but doesn't "see" what motivates the killer. Instead, the FBI treats the human body as an object to be examined in much the same way that Bill does. Crawford keeps the clippings about Bill on his wall as Bill keeps photos of his victims on his wall. When a body is dragged up from the river, Crawford and Clarice come equipped with fax machines, cameras, and tape recorders. They record all the information about the death and feed the details into a computer to seek out a pattern to the killings.
They engage in their own method of serialization as they track the serial killer. As Halberstam 43 writes, "the camera has framed the victim in much the same way as Buffalo Bill does as he prepares his lambs for the slaughter. Keeping his victim naked in an old well shaft, he addresses her as 'it' when he must talk to her. Oliver Wendall Holmes in wrote that with photography "every conceivable object of Nature and Art will soon scale off its surface for us. Men will hunt all curious, beautiful, grand objects, as they hunt cattle in South America, for their skins and leave the carcasses as of little worth" quoted in Stuart Ewen , p.
Hunting for skins is the main theme of Silence , which shows art and taxidermy to be complicit: both fetishize the skin.
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Bill and the FBI utilize this aesthetics of objectification that involves privileging the surface of the body. The photos that are taken throughout the film show the way art is a form of taxidermy, treating the surface or skin as the source of beauty. From Clarice's first meeting with Lecter, it is clear he has a sense of aesthetics that corresponds to high culture. In his cell, he has a painting of Bellvedere, an Italian villa he admires because it offers a "view," which he does not have in his enclosed cell.
Bellvedere, which is now a museum, is just one of many references made to classical culture, which Lecter locates in Italy. He also refers to Marcus Aurelius and his affinity for Chianti an Italian wine he serves with the liver of a census-taker. When Clarice gives him a survey he responds "You think you can dissect me with this blunt little tool. You know what you look like to me with your good bag and your cheap shoes? You look like a rube, a wild scrub, with a little taste.
You're not more than one generation away from poor white trash.
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He thinks his aesthetics separate him from killers like Buffalo Bill and Multiple Miggs. In order to separate himself from the masses, Lecter tells Clarice that she doesn't measure up with her "good bag and her cheap shoes. She has the good bag, but her cheap shoes belie her lower class upbringing. For Lecter to call Clarice cheap is especially demoralizing because women in Western culture are associated with cheapness on account of their sexuality.
As Norman's mother tells him in Psycho , she won't have him seducing Marion in the "cheap erotic fashion. Lecter reminds her "how quickly the boys found you. All those tedious, sticky fumblings in the back seats of cars, while you could only dream of getting out all the way to the FBI.
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He uses a similar strategy with Senator Crawford, telling her that amputees supposedly still feel their legs after they are removed and asking her "Tell me, mom, when your little girl is on the slab, where will it tickle you? As a final jab, he says "love your suit," [End page 74] indicating that her appearance can't hide the fact that she is a woman and consequently aligned with nature, motherhood, and sexuality.
The scene in which the aesthetics of cannibalism are revealed most clearly is the one in which Lecter kills the two police officers. Lecter who is behind a curtain as if preparing for dinner greets the officers with all the rhetoric of cordiality, saying "Good evening, gentleman. Lecter's preparation for and concern with what he eats shows that he assigns aesthetic importance to his meals. The copy of a poetry journal and Bon Appetit on his table are signs of his exquisite taste. Although eating is sanitized in this scene, "even the most apparently benign acts of eating involve aggression, even cannibalism" Kilgour, 7.
The act of eating can't be separated from the violence of incorporation.
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